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   Glossary of Geography in the bible

   Glossary of People in the bible
    Ar a ma ic [ar-uh-mey-ik]
    1. Also, Aramean, Aramaean. a northwest Semitic language that from c300 b.c. - a.d. 650 was a lingua franca for nearly all of SW Asia and was the everyday speech of Syria, Mesopotamia, and Palestine. Abbreviation: Aram Compare Biblical Aramaic.

    2. pertaining to Aram, or to the languages spoken there.
    3. noting or pertaining to the alphabetical, or perhaps syllabic, script used for the writing of Aramaic from about the ninth century b.c. and from which were derived the hebrew, Arabic, Armenian, Pahlavi, Uighor, and many other scripts, probably including Brahmi.
    1825-35; Greek aramai - old saxon - of Aram + -ic, modeled on Hebraic> Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

    Check out these great Aramaic books!

    Asuppim in the Bible

    Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
    (1 Chr. 26:15, 17, Authorized Version; but in Revised Version, "storehouse"), properly the house of stores for the priests. In Neh. 12:25 the Authorized Version has "thresholds," marg. "treasuries" or "assemblies;" Revised Version, "storehouses."

    British Dictionary definitions for Belial
    1. a demon mentioned frequently in apocalyptic literature: identified in the Christian tradition with the devil or Satan
    2. (in the Old Testament and rabbinical literature) worthlessness or wickedness

    Word Origin and History for Belial
    early 13c., from Hebrew bel'yya'al "destruction," literally "worthless," from b'li "without" + ya'al "use." Wickedness as an evil force (Deut. xiii:13); later treated as a proper name for Satan (2 Cor. vi:15), though Milton made him one of the fallen angels.
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    Belial in the Bible
    Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
    worthlessness, frequently used in the Old Testament as a proper name. It is first used in Deut. 13:13. In the New Testament it is found only in 2 Cor. 6:15, where it is used as a name of Satan, the personification of all that is evil. It is translated "wicked" in Deut. 15:9; Ps. 41:8 (R.V. marg.); 101:3; Prov. 6:12, etc. The expression "son" or "man of Belial" means simply a worthless, lawless person (Judg. 19:22; 20:13; 1 Sam. 1:16; 2:12).

    The word "belial" is used 16 times in the bible. 15 times are in the old testament and always refers to sons of belial, and once in the new testament in reference to the devil himself. The bible is also its own dictionary, where a word is defined in its first usage.

    Deuteronomy 13:13
    Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known;

    So here we see 3 of their main characteristics:

    * Are gone out from among you: their true identity is well camouflaged
    * Withdrawn the inhabitants of their city: they have leadership abilities
    * Saying, Let us go and serve other gods: they always lead people into idolatry

    The second usage is very revealing indeed.

    Judges 19:22
    Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial, beset the house round about, and beat at the door, and spake to the master of the house, the old man, saying, Bring forth the man that came into thine house, that we may know him.

    "that we may know him" means they wanted to have sexual intercourse with him.
    All sons of belial [the devil] promote homosexuality, but not all homosexuals are sons of belial.
    The number 2 in the bible indicates either division or establishment, depending upon the context. Sons of belial, which are spiritual sons of the devil, always cause divisions everywhere they go. This is why we have racism; so many different religions, often in conflict with one another; so many different denominations, often in conflict with one another; all wars have these sons of belial as the root spiritual cause.

    Here is a list of more of their defining characteristics.

    Proverbs 6
    12 A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth.
    13 He winketh with his eyes, he speaketh with his feet, he teacheth with his fingers;
    14 Frowardness is in his heart, he deviseth mischief continually; he soweth discord.
    15 Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy.
    16 These six things doth the Lord hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him:
    17 A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,
    18 An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief,
    19 A false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.

  4. CANON
    1. an ecclesiastical rule or law enacted by a council or other competent authority and, in the Roman Catholic Church, approved by the pope.
    2. the body of ecclesiastical law.
    3. the body of rules, principles, or standards accepted as axiomatic and universally binding in a field of study or art: the neoclassical canon.
    4. a fundamental principle or general rule: the canons of good behavior.
    5. a standard; criterion: the canons of taste.
    6. the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church as genuine and inspired.
    7. any officially recognized set of sacred books.
    8. any comprehensive list of books within a field.
    9. the works of an author that have been accepted as authentic: There are 37 plays in the Shakespeare canon. Compare apocrypha (def 3).
    10. a catalog or list, as of the saints acknowledged by the Church.
    11. Liturgy. the part of the Mass between the Sanctus and the Communion.
    12. Eastern Church. a liturgical sequence sung at matins, usually consisting of nine odes arranged in a fixed pattern.
    13. Music. consistent, note-for-note imitation of one melodic line by another, in which the second line starts after the first.
    14. Printing. a 48-point type.

    1. broad or wide-ranging in tastes, interests, or the like; having sympathies with all; broad-minded; liberal.
    2. universal in extent; involving all; of interest to all.
    3. pertaining to the whole Christian body or church.

    Origin of catholic
    1300-1350; Middle English < Latin catholicus < Greek katholikós general, equivalent to kathól (ou) universally (contraction of phrase katà hólou according to the whole; see cata-, holo- ) + -ikos -ic

    1. of or relating to a Catholic church, especially the Roman Catholic Church.
    2. Theology.
    (among Roman Catholics) claiming to possess exclusively the notes or characteristics of the one, only, true, and universal church having unity, visibility, indefectibility, apostolic succession, universality, and sanctity: used in this sense, with these qualifications, only by the Church of Rome, as applicable only to itself and its adherents and to their faith and organization; often qualified, especially by those not acknowledging these claims, by prefixing the word Roman.

    (among Anglo-Catholics) noting or pertaining to the conception of the church as the body representing the ancient undivided Christian witness, comprising all the orthodox churches that have kept the apostolic succession of bishops, and including the Anglican Church, the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, Church of Sweden, the Old Catholic Church (in the Netherlands and elsewhere), etc.

    3. pertaining to the Western Church.

    adjective (Christianity)
    1. denoting or relating to the entire body of Christians, esp to the Church before separation into the Greek or Eastern and Latin or Western Churches
    2. denoting or relating to the Latin or Western Church after this separation
    3. denoting or relating to the Roman Catholic Church
    4. denoting or relating to any church, belief, etc, that claims continuity with or originates in the ancient undivided Church

    5. a member of any of the Churches regarded as Catholic, esp the Roman Catholic Church

    Based upon the definitions above, and what we know about the bible, the true catholic church has nothing to do with any man-made denomination. The true catholic church was made by God himself through the works of Jesus Christ and is the body of Christ in the age of grace.

    1. The Roman Catholic church is the largest & oldest man-made denomination in the world whose head is the pope.
    2. The body of Christ is the largest and the oldest christian body of believers whose head is Jesus Christ.
    3. Therefore, The Roman Catholic church is the world's counterfeit to the body of Christ.

    Original Preface. The Catholic Encyclopedia, as its name implies, proposes to give its readers full and authoritative information on the entire cycle of Catholic interests, action and doctrine.

  7. CODEX
    co dex [koh-deks]
    noun, plural co di ces [koh-duh-seez, kod-uh-]
    1. a quire of manuscript pages held together by stitching: the earliest form of book, replacing the scrolls and wax tablets of earlier times.
    2. a manuscript volume, usually of an ancient classic or the Scriptures.
    3. Archaic. a code; book of statutes.

    1575-85; <Latin codex, caudex tree-trunk, book < (formed orig. from wooden tablets); cf. code Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

    con cord ance [kon-kawr-dns, kuhn-]
    1. agreement; concord; harmony: the concordance of the membership.
    2. an alphabetical index of the principal words of a book, as of the Bible, with a reference to the passage in which each occurs.
    3. an alphabetical index of subjects or topics.
    4. (in genetic studies) the degree of similarity in a pair of twins with respect to the presence or absence of a particular disease or trait.

    1350-1400; Middle English concordaunce - Anglo-French, equivalent to Middle French concordance - Medieval Latin concordantia. See concord, -ance Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

    541682: The New Strong&amp;quot;s Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible The New Strong's Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
    By Thomas Nelson

    The ultimate Bible reference tool, this is the only concordance that includes the best of Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. You'll also find original-language lexicons with three times more word study information than other editions; cross-references from leading dictionaries; words of Christ in red; and a complete topical index of the Bible. 2000 pages, hardcover from Nelson.

    con text [kon-tekst]
    1. the parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word or passage, usually influencing its meaning or effect: You have misinterpreted my remark because you took it out of context.
    2. the set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular event, situation, etc.

    1375-1425; late Middle English - Latin contextus a joining together, scheme, structure, equivalent to contex (ere) to join by weaving (con- con- + texere to plait, weave) + -tus suffix of v. action; cf. text

    Related forms
    con text less, adjective

    2. background, milieu, climate. Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

    Jesus Christ, the red thread article

    1. a letter, especially a formal or didactic one; written communication.
    2. (usually initial capital letter) one of the apostolic letters in the New Testament.
    3. (often initial capital letter) an extract, usually from one of the Epistles of the New Testament, forming part of the Eucharistic service in certain churches.

    Origin of epistle
    before 900; Middle English; Old English epistol < Latin epistula, epistola < Greek epistolḗ message, letter, equivalent to epi- epi- + stol- (variant stem of stéllein to send) + -ē noun suffix Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.

    British Dictionary definitions for epistle
    1. (New Testament) any of the apostolic letters of Saints Paul, Peter, James, Jude, or John
    2. a reading from one of the Epistles, forming part of the Eucharistic service in many Christian Churches

    Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
    © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
    Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

    Figure of speech
    noun, plural figures of speech. Rhetoric
    1. any expressive use of language, as a metaphor, simile, personification, or antithesis, in which words are used in other than their literal sense, or in other than their ordinary locutions, in order to suggest a picture or image or for other special effect.
    Compare trope (def 1).
    1815-1825 Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.


    There are approximately 240 different figures of speech used in the bible and there are up to 40 different varieties under a single figure, so there is a huge area of untapped biblical research that still needs to be done.

    Here is an excellent example of the importance of an accurate knowledge of figures of speech and how much difference it can make:

    John 20
    27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
    28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
    29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

    The average christian is going to use verse 28 to prove that Jesus is God and promote the trinity. What's new? Anytime a christian quotes this verse, I automatically know they haven't done their homework...

    However, without an accurate knowledge of figures of speech, you will never be able to rightly divide the word of God nor have a proper understanding of it.

    Verse 28 is the one used to prove the deity of Christ.

    This verse has the figure of speech called hendiadys, which literally means two for one. Two nouns are used, but only one thing is meant. The first noun [Lord], is the subject, the reference point and the second noun [God] is used as an adjective that modifies the first noun to an extreme degree.

    Thus the true meaning of verse 28 is: My Godly Lord.

    What an accurate description of Jesus Christ!

    Now we have the rightly-divided word of God regarding the true identity of who Jesus Christ really is.

    10 Felony Forgeries against Jesus Christ that you can verify for yourself from multiple objective authorities

    Shield of the trinity: deciphered and exposed!

    271949: Figures of Speech Used in the Bible Explained and Illustrated Figures of Speech Used in the Bible Explained and Illustrated
    By E. W. Bullinger / Martino Fine Books

    Version Information
    All but forgotten in our day, the Geneva Bible was the most widely read and influential English Bible of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. A superb translation, it was the product of the best Protestant scholars of the day and became the Bible of choice for many of the greatest writers and thinkers of that time. Men such as William Shakespeare, John Bunyan, and John Milton used the Geneva Bible in their writings.

    The Geneva Bible is unique among all other Bibles. It was the first Bible to use chapters and numbered verses and became the most popular version of its time because of its extensive marginal notes. These notes, written by Reformation leaders such as John Calvin, John Knox, Miles Coverdale, William Whittingham, Anthony Gilby, and others, were included to help explain and interpret the Scriptures for the average reader.

  13. GOSPEL
    1. the teachings of Jesus and the apostles; the Christian revelation.
    2. the story of Christ's life and teachings, especially as contained in the first four books of the New Testament, namely Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
    3. (usually initial capital letter) any of these four books.
    4. something regarded as true and implicitly believed: to take his report for gospel.
    5. a doctrine regarded as of prime importance: political gospel.
    6. glad tidings, especially concerning salvation and the kingdom of God as announced to the world by Christ.
    7. (often initial capital letter) Ecclesiastical. an extract from one of the four Gospels, forming part of the Eucharistic service in certain churches

    9. of, relating to, or proclaiming the gospel or its teachings: a gospel preacher.
    10. in accordance with the gospel; evangelical.
    11. of or relating to gospel music: a gospel singer.

    Origin of gospel
    before 950; Middle English go (d) spell, Old English gōdspell (see good, spell2); translation of Greek euangélion good news; see evangel1

    British Dictionary definitions for gospel
    1. Also called gospel truth. an unquestionable truth: to take someone's word as gospel
    2. a doctrine maintained to be of great importance
    3. Black religious music originating in the churches of the Southern states of the United States
    4. the message or doctrine of a religious teacher
    5. the story of Christ's life and teachings as narrated in the Gospels
    the good news of salvation in Jesus Christ
    (as modifier): the gospel story

    Each gospel has its own unique theme regarding Jesus Christ. The reason there are 4 gospels in the bible is because they emphasize the 4 aspects of the messiah, Jesus Christ:

    * Matthew: the king of the Judeans.
    * Mark: a servant
    * Luke: a man
    * John: the son of God

    Since the origin of gospel meant good news, technically, the entire bible is the gospel, the good news, because God is the author of every book of the bible and man is the writer.

    For more information, see the Lord's prayer vs Ephesians

  14. HEBREW
    1. a member of the Semitic peoples inhabiting ancient Palestine and claiming descent from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; an Israelite.
    2. a Semitic language of the Afroasiatic family, the language of the ancient Hebrews, which, although not in a vernacular use from 100 b.c. to the 20th century, was retained as the scholarly and liturgical language of Jews and is now the national language of Israel.
    Abbreviation: Heb.

    3. Hebraic.
    4. noting or pertaining to the script developed from the Aramaic and early Hebraic alphabets, used since about the 3rd century b.c. for the writing of Hebrew, and later for Yiddish, Ladino, and other languages.

    British Dictionary definitions for hypnosis
    noun (pl) -ses (-siːz)
    1. An artificially induced state of relaxation and concentration in which deeper parts of the mind become more accessible: used clinically to reduce reaction to pain, to encourage free association, etc See also autohypnosis

    Word Origin and History for hypnosis
    1869, "the coming on of sleep," coined (as an alternative to hypnotism) from Greek hypnos "sleep" (see somnolence ) + -osis "condition." Of an artificially induced condition, from 1880.
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    Hypnosis in Science
    A trancelike state resembling sleep, usually induced by a therapist by focusing a subject's attention, that heightens the subject's receptivity to suggestion. The uses of hypnosis in medicine and psychology include recovering repressed memories, modifying or eliminating undesirable behavior (such as smoking), and treating certain chronic disorders, such as anxiety.
    The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
    Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.

    Hypnosis in Culture

    Hypnosis definition

    Placing persons in a drowsy, sleeplike state in which they allegedly become vulnerable to the suggestions made by the hypnotist. Hypnosis may also be used to tap into the unconscious and is often characterized by vivid recall of memories and fantasies. These properties make hypnosis a useful tool in psychotherapy. Hypnosis also has sinister implications, for subjects may be manipulated to perform embarrassing actions or be susceptible to carrying out the hypnotist's commands after the hypnosis session (posthypnotic suggestion).

    The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
    Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
    Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


    There are only 2 broad, general viewpoints to hypnosis: the 5-sense approach and the spiritual.

    The bible contains all the information we need that pertains to life and godliness, so hypnotism is included in that.

    Deuteronomy 18
    9 When thou art come into the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations.
    10 There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch.
    11 Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.
    12 For all that do these things are an abomination unto the Lord: and because of these abominations the Lord thy God doth drive them out from before thee.
    13 Thou shalt be perfect with the Lord thy God.
    14 For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the Lord thy God hath not suffered [allowed] thee so to do.

    In verse 10, look at the definition of enchanter:

    Strong's Concordance #5172
    nachash: to practice divination, observe signs
    Part of Speech: Verb
    Phonetic Spelling: (naw-khash')
    Short Definition: divination

    Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
    certainly, divine, enchanter, use enchantment, learn by experience, diligently observe
    A primitive root; properly, to hiss, i.e. Whisper a (magic) spell; generally, to prognosticate -- X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe.

    So let me tell you like it is: hypnotism is the operation of devil spirits.

    1 Kings 19:12
    And after the earthquake a fire; but the Lord was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice.

    The "still small voice" is a whisper, a soft short message from God.

    Thus, the whisper during a hypnotic session is the world's counterfeit of God's soft whisper when he gives you revelation.

    In verse 11, it says "a consulter with familiar spirits". Familiar spirits, as the name says, are evil spirits, devil spirits which are familiar with a person and everything in their life.

    These are the devil spirits that are involved in past lives therapy that some psychologists and other counselors may use in their treatment of patients for various reasons.

    But remember, the objective is to deceive and possess you.

    The goal is to steal, kill, and destroy.

    John 10:10
    The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

    This is why God forbid this type of thing in the Old Testament. He is looking out for us and our best interest as any good father would do.

    Leviticus 19:26
    Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.

    Many different things in life involve the use of devil spirits: hypnotism; ventriloquism; snake charming; foretelling the future; contacting the dead; walking on burning coals of fire without getting burned; psychic surgery or healing; and others.
    Isaiah 47
    9 But these two things shall come to thee in a moment in one day, the loss of children, and widowhood: they shall come upon thee in their perfection for the multitude of thy sorceries, and for the great abundance of thine enchantments.
    10 For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness: thou hast said, None seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou hast said in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me.
    11 Therefore shall evil come upon thee; thou shalt not know from whence it riseth: and mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put it off: and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou shalt not know.
    12 Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast laboured from thy youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest prevail.
    13 Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee.
    14 Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: there shall not be a coal to warm at, nor fire to sit before it.
    15 Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast laboured, even thy merchants, from thy youth: they shall wander every one to his quarter; none shall save thee.

    2 Corinthians 2:11
    Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.

  16. IDIOM
    1. an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket or hang one's head, or from the general grammatical rules of a language, as the table round for the round table, and that is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics.
    2. a language, dialect, or style of speaking peculiar to a people.
    3. a construction or expression of one language whose parts correspond to elements in another language but whose total structure or meaning is not matched in the same way in the second language.
    4. the peculiar character or genius of a language.
    5. a distinct style or character, in music, art, etc.: the idiom of Bach.

  17. IDOL
    1. an image or other material object representing a deity to which religious worship is addressed.
    2. Bible.
    a) an image of a deity other than God.
    b) the deity itself.
    3. any person or thing regarded with blind admiration, adoration, or devotion: Madame Curie had been her childhood idol.
    4. a mere image or semblance of something, visible but without substance, as a phantom.
    5. a figment of the mind; fantasy.
    6. a false conception or notion; fallacy.

    in ter lin e ar [in-ter-lin-ee-er]
    1. situated or inserted between lines, as of the lines of print in a book: a Latin text with interlinear translation.
    2. having interpolated lines; interlined.
    3. having the same text in various languages set in alternate lines: the interlinear Bible.
    noun 4. a book, especially a textbook, having interlinear matter, as a translation.

    1400-50; late Middle English - Medieval Latin interlIneAris. See interline1 , -ar1

    Related forms
    in ter lin e ar ly, adverb Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

    Ger your Hebrew or Greek interlinear today!

    Version Information
    In 1604, King James I of England authorized that a new translation of the Bible into English be started. It was finished in 1611, just 85 years after the first translation of the New Testament into English appeared (Tyndale, 1526). The Authorized Version, or King James Version, quickly became the standard for English-speaking Protestants. Its flowing language and prose rhythm has had a profound influence on the literature of the past 400 years. The King James Version present on the Bible Gateway matches the 1987 printing. The KJV is public domain in the United States.

    noun, plural lexica [lek-si-kuh] lexicons.
    1. a wordbook or dictionary, especially of Greek, Latin, or Hebrew.
    2. the vocabulary of a particular language, field, social class, person, etc.
    3. inventory or record: unparalleled in the lexicon of human relations.
    4. Linguistics.
    a) the total inventory of morphemes in a given language.
    b) the inventory of base morphemes plus their combinations with derivational morphemes.

  21. LOGIC
    log ic [loj-ik]
    1. the science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference.
    3. the system or principles of reasoning applicable to any branch of knowledge or study.
    4. reason or sound judgment, as in utterances or actions: There wasn't much logic in her move.
    5. convincing forcefulness; inexorable truth or persuasiveness: the irresistible logic of the facts.
    6. Computers. logic circuit.

    1325-75; Middle English logik Latin logica, noun use of neuter plural (in ML taken as feminine singular) of Greek logikos of speech or reason. See logo-, -ic

    Related forms
    log ic less, adjective
    non log ic, noun

    4. sense, cogency.
    -logic Unabridged a combining form used in the formation of adjectives corresponding to nouns ending in -logy:, analogic.

    Greek -logikos. See logic Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.


    Romans 12
    1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
    2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
    3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.

    In verse 1, the word "reasonable" comes from the Greek word logikos defined below.

    HELPS Word-studies
    3050 logikós (from 3056 /lógos, "reason") – properly, logical because divinely reasonable, i.e. "what is logical to God" (logic working through the divine reasoning known through faith).

    The believer grasps "divine reasonableness" (3050 /logikós) by the Lord's inbirthings (gift) of faith – hence the close connection between 3050 (logikós) and faith (4102 /pístis) in Ro 12:1-3 (cf. 1 Pet 1:21, 2:2).

    Notice also the perfect order of the words in the word.

    In verse one, we have the sound logic of the word, then the faith [believing] will naturally follow in verse 3.

    Thus, true uncorrupted Christianity is logical, which results in a true and solid belief. This is in contrast to man-made religion, which often violates the laws of logic and mathematics, and uses the excuse of divine mystery to cover up their error. The trinity is a prime example of this.

    The shield of the trinity diagram violates the laws of mathematics & logic that God created!

    British Dictionary definitions for pantheism
    1. the doctrine that God is the transcendent reality of which man, nature, and the material universe are manifestations
    2. any doctrine that regards God as identical with the material universe or the forces of nature
    3. readiness to worship all or a large number of gods

    Word Origin and History for pantheism
    n. "belief that God and the universe are identical," from pantheist (n.), which was coined (1705) by Irish deist John Toland (1670-1722), from Greek pan- "all" (see pan- ) + theos "god" (see Thea ).

    Toland's word was borrowed into French, which from it formed panthéisme (1712) which returned to English as pantheism "the doctrine that all is god" in 1732 (no evidence that Toland used pantheism).

    Greek pantheios meant "common to all gods" (see pantheon ). Other words used at various times for similar notions include panentheism, "philosophy founded on the notion that all things are in God" (1874), from German (1828), coined by Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781-1832).
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper


    What does God's word say about other gods?

    Here are just a few of the many many verses on other gods:

    Exodus 18:11
    Now I know that the Lord is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

    Exodus 20:3
    Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

    Judges 2:3
    Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.

    Psalm 96:5
    For all the gods of the nations are idols: but the Lord made the heavens.

    For a definitive guide on modern religious forms of idolatry, see "the shield of the trinity"

    1. the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

    Word Origin and History for Pentateuch
    first five books of the Bible, c.1400, from Late Latin pentateuchus (Tertullian, c.207), from Greek pentateukhos (c.160), originally an adjective (abstracted from phrase pentateukhos biblos), from pente "five" (see five ) + teukhos "implement, vessel, gear" (in Late Greek "book," via notion of "case for scrolls"), literally "anything produced," related to teukhein "to make ready," from PIE *dheugh- "to produce something of utility" (see doughty ).
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    1. the principal Syriac version of the Bible.

    1. an accepted or professed rule of action or conduct: a person of good moral principles.
    2. a fundamental, primary, or general law or truth from which others are derived: the principles of modern physics.
    3. a fundamental doctrine or tenet; a distinctive ruling opinion: the principles of the Stoics.
    4. principles, a personal or specific basis of conduct or management: to adhere to one's principles; a kindergarten run on modern principles.
    5. guiding sense of the requirements and obligations of right conduct: a person of principle.
    6. an adopted rule or method for application in action: a working principle for general use.
    7. a rule or law exemplified in natural phenomena, the construction or operation of a machine, the working of a system, or the like: the principle of capillary attraction.


    noun plural psychologies.
    1. the science of the mind or of mental states and processes.
    2. the science of human and animal behavior.
    3. the sum or characteristics of the mental states and processes of a person or class of persons, or of the mental states and processes involved in a field of activity: the psychology of a soldier; the psychology of politics.
    4. mental ploys or strategy: He used psychology on his parents to get a larger allowance.

    Psychology, the science of human behavior, is a paradox [a self-contradictory and false proposition]. This is because human behavior, in the least common denominator, ultimately originates from one of two spiritual sources [God or the devil], but as a science, psychology is limited to that which can be registered by the 5 senses of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and touching. So psychologists are trying to reduce a vast, dichotomous [has 2 parts] spiritual category [of which they have very little or no accurate understanding of], down to cause & effect, empirical observations and conclusions that are derived within the limits of the 5 senses.

    Psychology fails before it even starts because its based on the invalid premise that the spiritual realm can be understood by the limited 5 senses and without the gift of holy spirit, which is a prerequisite to understanding the spiritual realm in the first place.
    I Corinthians 2:14
    But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

    British Dictionary definitions for purgatory
    1. (mainly RC Church) a state or place in which the souls of those who have died in a state of grace are believed to undergo a limited amount of suffering to expiate their venial sins and become purified of the remaining effects of mortal sin

    2. a place or condition of suffering or torment, esp one that is temporary

    Word Origin and History for purgatory
    c.1200, from Old French purgatore and directly from Medieval Latin purgatorium (St. Bernard, early 12c.), in Latin, "means of cleansing," noun use of neuter of purgatorius (adj.) "purging, cleansing," from purgat-, past participle stem of Latin purgare (see purge (v.)). Figurative use from late 14c.
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    Purgatory in Culture
    Purgatory definition
    In the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, the condition of souls of the dead who die with some punishment (though not damnation ) due them for their sins. Purgatory is conceived as a condition of suffering and purification that leads to union with God in heaven. Purgatory is not mentioned in the Bible; Catholic authorities defend the teaching on purgatory by arguing that prayer for the dead is an ancient practice of Christianity and that this practice assumes that the dead can be in a state of suffering — a state that the living can improve by their prayers.

    Note : A “purgatory” is, by extension, any place of suffering, usually for past misdeeds.
    The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
    Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
    Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

    The word "purgatory" or any of its derivatives, are never mentioned in any verse of the bible. Furthermore, the very definition and concept of a purgatory contradicts many verses of scripture, so the entire theology of purgatory is based on falsehood.

    The idea of praying for the dead is mentioned in 2 Maccabees, which is an apocryphal writing, once again contradicting God's holy word.

    See "You are not going to heaven when you die!"

    6 biblical reasons why purgatory doesn't exist

    1. the belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form.
    2. rebirth of the soul in a new body.
    3. a new incarnation or embodiment, as of a person.

    Word Origin and History for reincarnation
    1829, "fact of repeated incarnation," from re- "back, again" + incarnation. Meaning "a new embodiment" is from 1854. Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    Reincarnation in Culture

    Reincarnation definition

    Being reborn in another body. Several religions, including Hinduism, believe that the human spirit returns to Earth in different forms again and again as it strives for perfection.

    The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
    Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
    Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


    Reincarnation is a lie from the devil because it contradicts the word of God and negates the need to get born again of God's spirit and gain eternal life through Jesus Christ.

    Reincarnation originates from the devil's first lie [recorded immediately before the fall of man].

    Genesis 3:4
    And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

    You are not going to heaven when you die!

    Sep tu a gint [sep-too-uh-jint, -tyoo-, sep-choo-]
    the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament, traditionally said to have been translated by 70 or 72 Jewish scholars at the request of Ptolemy II: most scholars believe that only the Pentateuch was completed in the early part of the 3rd century b.c. and that the remaining books were translated in the next two centuries.

    1555-65; - Latin septuaginta seventy

    Related forms
    Sep tu a gint al, adjective Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

    Word Origin & History
    "Greek version of the Old Testament," 1633, from L.L. septuaginta interpretes "seventy interpreters," from L. septuaginta "seventy," from septem "seven" + -ginta "tens." So called in allusion to the (false) tradition that the translation was done 3c. B.C.E. by 70 or 72 Jewish scholars from Palestine and completed in 70 or 72 days. Often denoted by Roman numerals, LXX. The translation is believed now to have been carried out at different times by Egyptian Jews.

    British Dictionary definitions for shewbread
    1. (Old Testament) the loaves of bread placed every Sabbath on the table beside the altar of incense in the tabernacle or temple of ancient Israel (Exodus 25:30; Leviticus 24:5–9)

    Word Origin
    on the model of German Schaubrot, a translation of the Greek artoi enōpioi, a translation of the Hebrew lechem pānīm, literally: bread of the presence
    Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
    © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
    Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

    Word Origin and History for shewbread
    1530, Tyndale's word (Exodus xxv:30), based on or influenced by German schaubrot (in Luther), literally "show-bread," translating Latin panes propositiones, from Greek artai enopioi, from Hebrew lechem panim, the 12 loaves placed every Sabbath "before the Lord" on a table beside the altar of incense, from lechem "bread" + panim "face, presence." Old English translations used offring-hlafas.
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    Shewbread in the Bible

    Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
    Ex. 25:30 (R.V. marg., "presence bread"); 1 Chr. 9:32 (marg., "bread of ordering"); Num. 4:7: called "hallowed bread" (R.V., "holy bread") in 1 Sam. 21:1-6. This bread consisted of twelve loaves made of the finest flour. They were flat and thin, and were placed in two rows of six each on a table in the holy place before the Lord. They were renewed every Sabbath (Lev. 24:5-9), and those that were removed to give place to the new ones were to be eaten by the priests only in the holy place (see 1 Sam. 21:3-6; comp. Matt. 12:3, 4).

    The number of the loaves represented the twelve tribes of Israel, and also the entire spiritual Israel, "the true Israel;" and the placing of them on the table symbolized the entire consecration of Israel to the Lord, and their acceptance of God as their God. The table for the bread was made of acacia wood, 3 feet long, 18 inches broad, and 2 feet 3 inches high. It was plated with pure gold. Two staves, plated with gold, passed through golden rings, were used for carrying it.

    "The Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible,[n 1] generally known as Strong's Concordance, is a concordance of the King James Version (KJV) that was constructed under the direction of Dr. James Strong (1822–1894) and first published in 1890. Dr. Strong was Professor of exegetical theology at Drew Theological Seminary at the time. It is an exhaustive cross-reference of every word in the KJV back to the word in the original text.

    Unlike other Biblical reference books, the purpose of Strong's Concordance is not to provide content or commentary about the Bible, but to provide an index to the Bible. This allows the reader to find words where they appear in the Bible. This index allows a student of the Bible to re-find a phrase or passage previously studied. It also lets the reader directly compare how the same word may be used elsewhere in the Bible. In this way Strong's Notes provides an independent check against translations, and offers an opportunity for greater, and more technically accurate understanding of text."

  33. SYRIAC
    British Dictionary definitions for Syriac
    1. a dialect of Aramaic spoken in Syria until about the 13th century ad and still in use as a liturgical language of certain Eastern churches.

  34. TALMUD
    1. the collection of Jewish law and tradition consisting of the Mishnah and the Gemara and being either the edition produced in Palestine a.d. c400 or the larger, more important one produced in Babylonia a.d. c500.
    2. the Gemara.

    Word Origin and History for Talmud
    body of Jewish traditional ceremonial and civil law, 1530s, from late Hebrew talmud "instruction" (c.130 C.E.), from lama-d "to teach." Related: Talmudic.
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

  35. TARGUM
    British Dictionary definitions for Targum
    1. an Aramaic translation, usually in the form of an expanded paraphrase, of various books or sections of the Old Testament

  36. TEBETH
    Tebeth in the Bible
    Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
    (Esther 2:16), a word probably of Persian origin, denoting the cold time of the year; used by the later Jews as denoting the tenth month of the year. Assyrian tebituv, "rain."

  37. UNCIAL
    un ci al [uhn-shee-uhl, -shuhl]
    1. designating, written in, or pertaining to a form of majuscule [capital] writing having a curved or rounded shape and used chiefly in Greek and Latin manuscripts from about the 3rd to the 9th century a.d.
    2. an uncial letter.
    3. uncial writing.
    4. a manuscript written in uncials.

    1640-50; - Late Latin unciales ( litterae ) (Jerome) uncial (letters), plural of Latin uncialis weighing one twelfth of a libra (see uncia, -al1 ); literal sense is unclear

    Related forms
    un ci al ly, adverb Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

  38. Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
    These Dictionary topics are from W.E. Vine's M.A., Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words published in 1940 and without copyright.
    Information about Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


    Anyone who makes a serious and substantial contribution to the understanding of the New Testament, renders a public service, for if religion is the foundation of morality, by the knowledge of God is the welfare of the people. As a book the New Testament stands alone and supreme, simple in its profoundness, and profound in its simplicity. It is the record, in twenty-seven Writings, of the origin, nature and progress of Christianity, and in the quality of its influence it has done more for the world than all other books together.

    To several of the features of this Dictionary I would like to call attention.

    First, it shows how rich is the language of the New Testament in words which present shades of the meaning of some common idea.

    Second, this Dictionary indicates the doctrinal bearing which the use of chosen words has. A case in point will be found on page 60, under ANOTHER. The use of allos and heteros in the New Testament should be carelully examined, for "another numerically" must not be confounded with "another generically."

    Third, this Dictionary shows how very many New Testament words are compounds, and how important are prepositional prefixes.

    Fourth, this Dictionary is compiled in the light of the new knowledge which has come to us by the discovery of the papyri. During the last fifty years this light has been brought to bear upon the New Testament with precious and priceless results.

    In Lexicons previous to this discovery are to be found lists of what are called hapax legomena, words which occur once only, and many of which, it was supposed, were created by the Holy Spirit for the conveyance of Christian truth, but now all or nearly all such words have been found in the papyri. The Holy Spirit did not create a special language for Christianity, but used the colloquial tonque of the time; He employed the cosmopolitan Greek. This fact has radically affected our approach to the New Testament, and although, in view of the magnitude of this Dictionary, it has been impossible to do more than make a reference here and there to this learning (e.g., pp. 7, 8, 59), yet the whole is produced in the light of it, and so represents present day scholarship.

    W. Graham Scroggie, D.D. (Edin.)


    To ascertain the exact meaning of the words and phraseology of the originals of the Holy Scriptures is of great importance, particularly those which have a variety of meanings in English. The research work of the past fifty years, with the discovery of a large number of inscriptions and documents, and especially of the non-literary writings in the tombs and dust heaps of Egypt, has yielded much light upon the use and meaning of the language of the originals. The importance of the Egyptian papyri writings etc. lies in the fact that they were written during the period in which the writers of the New Testament lived.

    Proof has thus been provided that the language of the New Testament was not a debased form of literary Greek corrupted by Hebrew idioms, but that in the main it was the vernacular, the speech of the everyday life of the people in the countries which came under Greek influence through the conquests of Alexander the Great. As the result of those conquests, the ancient Greek dialects became merged into one common speech, the Koine or 'common' Greek. In one form this language became the literary Koine, or Hellenistic, of such writers as Josephus. In its spoken form it was the everyday speech of millions of people throughout the Graeco-Roman world, and in the providence of God it was under these conditions and in this world-language that the New Testament was written...

    Vul gate [vuhl-geyt, -git]
    1. the Latin version of the Bible, prepared chiefly by Saint Jerome at the end of the 4th century a.d., and used as the authorized version of the Roman Catholic Church.
    2. (lowercase) any commonly recognized text or version of a work.

    3. of or pertaining to the Vulgate.
    4. (lowercase) commonly used or accepted; common.

    Late Latin vulgata (editio) popular (edition); vulgata, feminine past participle of vulgare to make common, publish, derivative of vulgus the public. See vulgar, -ate1 Unabridged
    Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

    British Dictionary definitions for wilderness
    1. a wild, uninhabited, and uncultivated region
    2. any desolate tract or area
    3. a confused mass or collection
    4. a voice in the wilderness, a voice crying in the wilderness, a person, group, etc, making a suggestion or plea that is ignored
    5. in the wilderness, no longer having influence, recognition, or publicit

    1. the Wilderness, the barren regions to the south and east of Palestine, esp those in which the Israelites wandered before entering the Promised Land and in which Christ fasted for 40 days and nights
    Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
    © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
    Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

    Word Origin and History for wilderness
    c.1200, from Old English wildeoren "wild, savage," from wildern (adj.) "wild, savage" (from wilde "wild;" see wild (adj.) + deor "animal;" see deer ) + -ness. Cf. Dutch wildernis, German Wildernis, though the usual form is Wildnis.
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    Wilderness in the Bible

    Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

    (1.) Heb. midhbar, denoting not a barren desert but a district or region suitable for pasturing sheep and cattle (Ps. 65:12; Isa. 42:11; Jer. 23:10; Joel 1:19; 2:22); an uncultivated place. This word is used of the wilderness of Beersheba (Gen. 21:14), on the southern border of Palestine; the wilderness of the Red Sea (Ex. 13:18); of Shur (15:22), a portion of the Sinaitic peninsula; of Sin (17:1), Sinai (Lev. 7:38), Moab (Deut. 2:8), Judah (Judg. 1:16), Ziph, Maon, En-gedi (1 Sam. 23:14, 24; 24:1), Jeruel and Tekoa (2 Chr. 20:16, 20), Kadesh (Ps. 29:8).

    "The wilderness of the sea" (Isa. 21:1). Principal Douglas, referring to this expression, says: "A mysterious name, which must be meant to describe Babylon (see especially ver. 9), perhaps because it became the place of discipline to God's people, as the wilderness of the Red Sea had been (comp. Ezek. 20:35). Otherwise it is in contrast with the symbolic title in Isa. 22:1. Jerusalem is the "valley of vision," rich in spiritual husbandry; whereas Babylon, the rival centre of influence, is spiritually barren and as restless as the sea (comp. 57:20)." A Short Analysis of the O.T.

    (2.) Jeshimon, a desert waste (Deut. 32:10; Ps. 68:7).

    (3.) 'Arabah, the name given to the valley from the Dead Sea to the eastern branch of the Red Sea. In Deut. 1:1; 2:8, it is rendered "plain" (R.V., "Arabah").

    (4.) Tziyyah, a "dry place" (Ps. 78:17; 105:41). (5.) Tohu, a "desolate" place, a place "waste" or "unoccupied" (Deut. 32:10; Job 12:24; comp. Gen. 1:2, "without form"). The wilderness region in the Sinaitic peninsula through which for forty years the Hebrews wandered is generally styled "the wilderness of the wanderings."

    This entire region is in the form of a triangle, having its base toward the north and its apex toward the south. Its extent from north to south is about 250 miles, and at its widest point it is about 150 miles broad. Throughout this vast region of some 1,500 square miles there is not a single river. The northern part of this triangular peninsula is properly the "wilderness of the wanderings" (et-Tih). The western portion of it is called the "wilderness of Shur" (Ex. 15:22), and the eastern the "wilderness of Paran." The "wilderness of Judea" (Matt. 3:1) is a wild, barren region, lying between the Dead Sea and the Hebron Mountains. It is the "Jeshimon" mentioned in 1 Sam. 23:19.


    Isaiah 14:17
    That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?

    The devil made the world a spiritual wilderness by the operation of devil spirits and primarily working through the seed of the serpent people who run the world.

    But we have more power and we can cast devil spirits out of people and get them delivered with the power of God.

  41. WISDOM
    1. the quality or state of being wise; knowledge of what is true or right coupled with just judgment as to action; sagacity, discernment, or insight.
    2. scholarly knowledge or learning: the wisdom of the schools.
    3. wise sayings or teachings; precepts.
    4. a wise act or saying.
    5. (initial capital letter) Douay Bible. Wisdom of Solomon.

    Origin of wisdom
    before 900; Middle English, Old English wīsdōm; cognate with Old Norse vīsdōmr, German Weistum. See wise1, -dom

    1. sense, understanding. 2. sapience, erudition, enlightenment. See information.

    1. stupidity. 2. ignorance. Unabridged Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.

    British Dictionary definitions for wisdom
    1. the ability or result of an ability to think and act utilizing knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight
    2. accumulated knowledge, erudition, or enlightenment
    3. (archaic) a wise saying or wise sayings or teachings
    4. (obsolete) soundness of mind

    Word Origin and History for wisdom
    Old English wisdom, from wis (see wise (adj.)) + -dom. A common Germanic compound (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian wisdom, Old Norse visdomr, Old High German wistuom "wisdom," German Weistum "judicial sentence serving as a precedent"). Wisdom teeth so called from 1848 (earlier teeth of wisdom, 1660s), a loan-translation of Latin dentes sapientiae, itself a loan-translation of Greek sophronisteres (used by Hippocrates, from sophron "prudent, self-controlled"), so called because they usually appear ages 17-25, when a person reaches adulthood.
    Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

    Wisdom is knowledge applied, action taken upon knowledge. Some books of the bible, such as Ephesians, are divided up into 2 parts: chapters 1-3 is the doctrinal knowledge and chapters 3-6 are the first 3 chapters applied, in other words, chapters 3-6 gives us the wisdom on how to apply the first 3 chapters.

    The book of Proverbs is an entire book of the bible devoted to wisdom.

    Biblically and spiritually, there are only 2 kinds of wisdom: God's and Satan's.

    James 3
    15 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.
    16 For where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work.
    17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
    18 And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.

    The 8 characteristics of God's wisdom